Ethiopia

Currency: Birr (ETB)

Timezone: East Africa Time (UTC+3)

Major Cities: Addis Ababa

Ethiopia is a landlocked country in East Africa surrounded by six (6) countries: Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somali, Sudan, and South Sudan. The climate of Ethiopia is a tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation and terrain of high plateau with central mountain range divided by the Great Rift Valley. With a population of approximately 113 million people, Ethiopia is the second-most populous country in Africa and the most populous country in Eastern Africa. The official languages of the country are Oromo and Amharic which are the languages of the country’s largest ethnic groups.

Politically, Ethiopia is also the oldest independent country on the continent, void of any form of colonial ties, and operates a federal parliamentary republic system of government which is administratively divided into 9 ethnically based regions including Addis Ababa the capital of the country. Ethiopia operates a planned economy that is heavily reliant on the agricultural sector and the service sector.

While the agricultural sector employs 70 percent of the population, the service sector is the major contributor to the country’s GDP. Furthermore, the service sector is the main source of the country’s foreign exchange particularly from state-owned Ethiopian Airlines. Other major sources of foreign exchange include coffee, gold, sesame, and livestock. The major problem facing the country is the political tension between the Tigray region and the prime minister.

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Cooperative Strategy (Amharic)

Ethiopia, Ministry of Trade and Industry

***document in Amharic language.

Ethiopia 2020 Trade, Industry, and Investment

National Entrepreneurship Strategy (NES) of Ethiopia (2020-2025)

Ethiopia, Ministry of Trade and Industry

Micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are very important to the health of economies globally. The government of Ethiopia acknowledges the role MSMEs could play in contributing to the long term vision of attaining middle...

Ethiopia 2019 National Development

Refugees Proclamation

Council of Ministers/Agency for Refugee and Returnee Affairs, Ethiopia

This 2019 proclamation highlights the laws and frameworks on refugees relations, in line with international standards.

Ethiopia 2019 Democracy and Governance

Lowland Livelihood Resilience Project-Resettlement Policy Framework

Ethiopia, Ministry of Peace

The Lowland Livelihood Resilience Project aims to manage, improve, and diversify rangelands while improving the general livelihood of the population. This resettlement framework pushes to mitigate potential social and environmental impacts of the project, in...

Ethiopia 2019 Agriculture and Rural Development

Communications Service Proclamation

Council of Ministers/Ministry of Innovation and Technology, Ethiopia

The Communications Service Proclamation aims to increase competition in the telecommunications sector and drive upwards, the dividends accruable to the economy.

Ethiopia 2019 Information, Communication, and Technology

Public Sector Debt Statistical Bulletin (2014-2019)

Ethiopia, Ministry of Finance

A statistical overview of public sector debt from 2014-2019. This is to provide the public with the relevant information and data regarding the country’s external and domestic debt positions.

Ethiopia 2019 Finance

Organizations of Civil Societies Proclamation

Council of Ministers/Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Ethiopia

The right to free association is an internationally recognized right of all human beings. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia recognizes this right, as well as the need to ensure this right is not infringed...

Ethiopia 2019 Democracy and Governance

Food and Medicine Administration Proclamation

Council of Ministers/Ministry of Health, Ethiopia

The proclamation on food and medicine administration guides the establishment of the necessary frameworks and regulatory schemes to ensure the safety of citizens against harmful and unsafe food, drugs, narcotics, and cosmetic products.

Ethiopia 2019 Health

Ethiopia's Climate Resilient Green Economy: National Adaptation Plan

Environment Forest and Climate Change, Ethiopia

The national adaptation plan builds on existing national plans like the growth and transformation plan (GTP II), and the climate resilient green economy (CRGE) in their strive to address climate change issues in the country....

Ethiopia 2019 Environment and Climate Change

Ethiopian Telecommunications Sector Stakeholder Consultation No. 001 2019 Public Notice

Ethiopia, Ethiopian Communications Authority

This document details the process and rules of stakeholder consultation, its background and scope. The stakeholder consultation was initiated to collect all interested stakeholders’ contributions regarding proposed regulatory framework and market opening process.

Ethiopia 2019 Information, Communication, and Technology

Ethiopian Communications Service proclamation (by DLA PIPER)

Ethiopia, Ethiopian Communications Authority

The Communications Service Proclamation introduces a number of major changes into the Ethiopian telecom sector. The Proclamation establishes a new and an independent government body known as the “Ethiopian Communications Authority”. The Ethiopian Communications Authority...

Ethiopia 2019 Information, Communication, and Technology

Ethiopian Communications Service proclamation

Ethiopia, Ethiopian Communications Authority

This Communications Service Proclamation establishes a new and an independent government body known as the “Ethiopian Communications Authority”. It outlines the objective of the Authorityto promote the development of high quality, efficvient, relaible and affordable...

Ethiopia 2019 Information, Communication, and Technology

Labour Proclamation No. 1156/2019

Ethiopia, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs

This proclamation provides guidelines for the formation of contract of employment. It states the element of contract of employment; duration of contract of employment for definite and indefinite periods; obligation of workers; and modification of...

Ethiopia 2019 Labour

Refugees Proclamation No.1110/2019

Council of Ministers/Agency for Refugee and Returnee Affairs, Ethiopia

This proclamation applies to any person who is a refuge applying for recognition or is a recognized refugee in Ethiopia and has a right or is subjected to obligations arising from this Proclamation or participates...

Ethiopia 2019 Democracy and Governance

The Electoral and Political Parties Law of Ethiopia Proclamation

Ethiopia, The National Electoral Board of Ethiopia

This proclamation is applicable to; all general elections conducted in Ethiopia as well as local elections, by -elections, reelections, and referendums; and citizens who have formed a political part y to contest in elections; political...

Ethiopia 2019 Democracy and Governance

Postharvest Management Strategy in Grains in Ethiopia

Ethiopia, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources

In line with its aim of attaining food security, this highlights the management strategies explored to combat postharvest losses in Ethiopia. It is geared towards improving efficiency at all levels of the agricultural value chain.

Ethiopia 2018 Agriculture and Rural Development

Public-Private Partnership Proclamation

Council of Ministers/Ministry of Finance, Ethiopia

A proclamation to provide for the public-private partnership. It focuses on ensuring the availability of legal frameworks to back efficient exploration of the partnership in accordance with the relevant article(s) of the Federal Democratic Republic...

Ethiopia 2018 Finance