Currency: Naira (NGN)
Timezone: West Africa Time (UTC+1)
Nigeria is situated in West Africa where it shares its land border in the west with the Republic of Benin, in the east with Chad and Cameroon, and in the north with Niger—popularly referred to as the “Giant of Africa” due to its resources and population. The country is the most populous in Africa, with a population estimated to be over 207 million. The country has a very diverse ethnic group with over 100 languages. However, the major languages spoken in the country are Yoruba, Hausa, and Igbo, with English regarded as the official language in the country. The climate of the country varies widely with equatorial south, tropical in the middle, and arid in the north, while the landscape consists of southern lowlands, plateaus, and hills in the north and mountains in the southeast.
The country adopts a federal presidential republic system of government comprising 36 states and Abuja the Federal Capital. The economy is heavily reliant on Petroleum and Petroleum Products as its main source of foreign exchange earnings and accounts for over 70 percent of government revenue. The challenges facing the country include erratic power supply, lack of infrastructure, terrorist insurgence, kidnapping, banditry, clashes between farmers and herders, pervasive corruption, internet fraud, and police brutality.